This article discusses the use of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) for treating schizophrenia (1). Oxidative stress and neuroinflammation have recently been focused on the pathological hypotheses of schizophrenia. NAC is a precursor of endogenous antioxidant glutathione and has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and neuroprotective properties.
This study looked at the effectiveness of probiotic in reducing hepatic inflammation among non-alcohol fatty liver disease (NAFLD) patients (1). The researchers searched the literature and 6 articles were finally critically appraised. All studies had good validity and reported unanimously that probiotic is useful in reducing hepatic inflammation and liver fat content.
Parkinson’s disease is a leading chronic and progressive neurodegenerative disease. This study was performed to summarize and evaluate evidence regarding the effectiveness of acupuncture in the relief of symptoms (1). Seven databases were searched and randomized controlled trials were included in the analysis. The results showed that 25 trials met the inclusion criteria and 19 of 25 were high-quality studies.
This study examined the effect of auricular acupuncture therapy on the stress and sleep status of middle-aged women in South Korea (1). 67 women were in the study. Auricular acupuressure therapy including the auricular acupressure needle on the skin paper tape was applied on an ear for 2 weeks, 2 times per week. The acupoints were Gyogam, Sinmun, Bushin, Naebunbi, and Pijilha.
Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy is a problem associated with many drugs (1). A supplement called OPERA was developed and tested. It consists of alpha-lipoic acid, Boswellia Serrata, methylsulfonylmethane and bromelain are combined in a single capsule. 25 patients were enrolled in the trial and were assessed every 3 weeks for 12 weeks.
Evidence shows that regular exercise lowers the risk of developing breast cancer and breast cancer recurrence. The causality of this relation was examined in this study (1). The typical recommendation is 150 minutes per week. The hypothesis is that exercise lowers the basal systemic levels of cancer risk factors. Another process is possibly the acute increase in several potential anti-cancer components during each exercise bout.
In this study, the current evidence of acupuncture for patients with functional dyspepsia was examined (1). A comprehensive literature search was conducted to identify randomized controlled trials comparing acupuncture to sham acupuncture and medication use. The results showed that 16 trials were found. The majority of them were low quality.
In this study, the authors detailed a summary of the evidence on natural treatments for depression (1). A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted. Positive results were seen including studies of SAMe, methylfolate, omega-3, vitamin D. Supportive studies were found for creatine and amino acid combinations. Mixed results were found for zinc, folic acid, vitamin C. Non-significant studies were found for a few items as well.
In this study, the authors investigated the association between vitamin D levels and asthma control in children between the ages of 5 and 15 (1). Children were followed-up for 6 months and vitamin D and pulmonary function tests were compared. The results showed that there was no specific association found, regardless of how controlled the asthma was. In other words, vitamin D levels were unrelated. The authors conclude that there is no specific association.
Some studies have evaluated the link between dietary antioxidant vitamins and the impact on death. This study examined associations between carotene, vitamin C, vitamin E from diet and risk of mortality from all causes (1). It was conducted in China and patients were followed up for a period of 8 to 14 years on average.